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Information Technology Course, Subjects, Syllabus, Colleges, Admission, Career

What is Information Technology

Information Technology (IT) is the application of technology to solve organizational and business problems. This field of engineering uses computers, networks, storage, and other technical infrastructure both hardware and software, to deal with and manipulate information/data.

Information Technology (IT) professionals are adept with the latest emerging technologies, arriving at the most optimal (consuming least time and effort) solutions to any technical issues that may arise, small-scale or large.

The responsibilities of an Information Technology department are many; professionals follow a combination of policies and processes to ensure IT systems run effectively and aligned with the organization’s needs, they provide tech support, maintenance, device management and security testing services.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Information Technology For Undergraduate Courses:

For B.E./B.Tech: Candidates must have passed their 12th Board examination with core subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from a recognized board/university. Additionally, Computer Science as a subject in the 12th Board examination is desirable.

For BCA: Candidates must have passed their 12th Board examination in Science stream (Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology) or Commerce stream from a recognized board/university. Again, Computer Science as a Class 12 subject is desirable.

For Post-Graduate Courses:

III. For M.Tech: Candidates must have completed a B.E./B.Tech degree in a relevant branch from a recognized university/board.

IV. For MCA: Candidates must have completed a BCA or B.Sc degree in Information Technology or Computer Science, with Mathematics as a compulsory subject in Class 12 or at the Graduate level.

V. For B.Sc: Candidates must have passed their 12th Board examination in Science or Commerce stream from a recognized board/university. Computer Science as a subject in Class 12 is desirable.

VI. For M.Sc: Candidates must have acquired a Bachelor’s degree of minimum 3 years’ duration in a relevant branch from a recognized university/board. Mathematics must have been studied in Class 12 or at the Graduate level.

Entrance Exams for Information Technology

Information Technology (IT) is one of the most sought-after branches of Engineering, with this field being highly in demand and prestigious in the IT industry.

Students may study this stream belonging to the Computer Science department, by pursuing a B.Tech degree at the UG level, and an M.Tech degree at the PG level.

Some of the entrance examinations for Information Technology courses conducted throughout the country for admission into B.Tech and M.Tech programmes of study include:

I. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)

A highly competitive national-level engineering entrance exam conducted for admissions at the undergraduate level, the JEE is conducted in two phases: JEE Main and JEE Advanced.

The first phase is open to all aspirants, and questions in this phase test the student’s fundamental concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Students who clear this round are eligible to sit for the second phase, JEE Advanced, the score of which determines the candidates’ admissions into the top engineering colleges in the country.

II. Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)

Almost as competitive as the JEE itself, the BITSAT examination is a computer-based test for students aspiring for admission into BITS, one of the best engineering colleges in India. The BITSAT scores determine the students’ eligibility to study Information Technology in any of the three BITS campuses: Pilani, Hyderabad, and Goa.

III. West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE)

A state-specific entrance examination, the WBJEE is conducted for admission in all the engineering colleges in West Bengal.

This examination is highly popular and attempted by more than 200,000 candidates yearly.

The examination is said to test a student’s speed of solving problems rather than in-depth knowledge.

IV. Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHTCET)

As is evident from the name, this is an entrance examination conducted for admissions into the engineering colleges in the state of Maharashtra. Unlike many of its equivalents, this examination is conducted twice a year.

V. Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination (KIITEE)

An institute-specific examination, the KIITEE is conducted for admissions into the B.Tech programme of Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Odisha. Admissions are based on the rank a student acquires in this examination.

VI. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)

Finally, the most important entrance examination conducted exclusively at the postgraduate level for admissions into the top colleges in the ME/M.Tech programmes is the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering.

A computer-based test, the GATE tests students on their knowledge and understanding of UG-level Engineering and Science subjects.

Scope of Information Technology in India and Abroad

Information Technology is one of the most promising career fields today. At the forefront of development in the Engineering field, IT is witnessing advancements in leaps and bounds every year.

The field of Information Technology has been the catalyst to mankind’s transition into a simpler, smoother functioning of life.

Technology has introduced enormous changes in the way we do things, the way we function in our daily lives.

Professionals working in the IT sector are trained to be highly competent and are constantly motivated towards innovation.

It is these innovations which have, in the past, led to the emergence of social media, digital marketing, mobile and web applications, Internet banking, and countless other ideas which have transformed our lives completely.

It is this innovation which is still underway, with immeasurable scope for bringing about more change.

Both in India and abroad, there is tremendous scope for professionals of the Information Technology sector to contribute to mankind’s flourish.

Course Fees Information Technology Minimum Fees Maximum Fees Private Government Private Government UG

14.25 K

B.Sc. in Information Technology at Sri Sankara Bhagavathi Arts and Science College, Kommadikottai

3.40 K

B.Sc. in Information Technology at Government Science College, Ambikapur

21.57 Lakhs

Dual Degree in Information Technology at Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and Engineering, Mumbai

14.00 Lakhs

B.E /B.Tech in Information Technology at Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi


6.80 K

P.G.D in Information Technology at All India Institute of Management Studies, Chennai

6.00 K

M.E /M.Tech. in Information Technology at Shantilal Shah Engineering College, Bhavnagar

14.93 Lakhs

M.B.A in Information Technology at K J Somaiya Institute of Management, Mumbai

6.40 Lakhs

M.S in Information Technology at International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore


32.00 K

Diploma in Information Technology at JSS Polytechnic, Nanjangud

10.00 K

Diploma in Information Technology at Government Polytechnic, Lucknow

6.60 Lakhs

Ph.D in Information Technology at SRM University, Sikkim

1.07 Lakhs

Ph.D in Information Technology at National Institute of Technology Patna


6.53 K

Diploma in Information Technology at Global Open University, Dimapur

2.56 K

Diploma in Information Technology at Bengal Institute of Technology, Bardhaman

2.67 Lakhs

Diploma in Information Technology at PP Savani University, Surat

1.26 Lakhs

M.Sc. in Information Technology at Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat

Course Subjects

In a UG level IT course, there are usually a total of eight semesters spread out over 4 years of study. The first two semesters are based on common basic Engineering subjects such as:

  • Introduction to programming

  • Engineering Mechanics

  • Electrical Measurements

  • Data Structures and Algorithms

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Physics

  • Basic Electronics.

From the third semester onwards, the subjects are more Computer Science-focused.

  • Object-Oriented Programming,

  • Software Engineering,

  • Database Management Systems,

  • Web Technologies,

  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms,

  • Computer Architecture,

  • Computer Networks,

  • Operating Systems,

  • Digital Signal Processing,

  • Image Processing

Careers in Information Technology

The Information Technology industry is abounding with career opportunities. This is one of the industries that provide countless opportunities to freshers who have just graduated, giving their careers a kick start.

The career ladder is extensive, and many different domains of work are available, making sure that an IT career never gets boring. Students who are more interested in managerial positions can gain a few years’ work experience, then proceed to higher studies to pursue these interests. In many ways, the IT sector is rich in options.

Certifications for Information Technology

Certificate course in CCNA

Certificate in AI and Machine Learning

Certificate in Android and Ios development

Certificate in Big Data-Hadoop

Java Certification

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Information Technology (IT) undergraduates have plenty of choices to launch their career in the industry. One can opt to work in different roles such as:



Software Developer

Involves software programs coding and structuring for various interfaces and devices.

Technical Trainer

Involves the training and polishing skills of fresh recruits in the firm.

Project Leader

Synonymous to being the captain of the ship, a project leader supervises and manages the activities of a team in completing projects.

IT System Manager

Involves managing and coordinating officials, along with supervising and overseeing software and hardware installations taking place in the firm.

Data Administrator

Involves storage and organization of data by use of specialized software and ICT tools.

Top Recruiters

Some of the Companies that commonly recruit Information Technology graduates are:

  • Deloitte
  • Robert Bosch
  • Capgemini
  • TCS
  • Infosys
  • Accenture
  • Cognizant
  • IBM
  • ZS Associates
  • LnT Infotech

Required Skillset for Information Technology

In a career field as competitive as the IT sector, there are certain skills which aspirants should strive to be fluent in, to prove themselves an asset to recruiters.

These skills include both soft and hard skills because while a thorough understanding of software and technology is paramount to success in the IT industry, communication and organizational skills ensure one’s progress up the career ladder.

Some of the skills that Information Technology professionals must possess are:

i. Coding: Depending on the kind of work you are interested in, you should have sufficient knowledge of relevant coding languages like HTML, C, C++, Java and SQL. Advanced languages like Amazon Web Services, Python, and TensorFlow. may be required by certain job roles.

ii. Organizational Skills: One of the most important soft skills for any kind of profession, organizational skills must be inculcated for maximum efficiency as an employee. Recruiters see good organizational skills as a sign that you can manage the workload well on schedule.

iii. Analytical Abilities: A typical Information Technology professional’s projects involve working with databases, analyzing data trends, and recommending improvements. Troubleshooting problems is also a major part of the job. All of these require the ability for critical and analytical thinking.

iv.Creativity: Considering how the IT sector is innovation-centred, professionals are expected to have the ability to come up with creative solutions or suggestions for tackling complex problems. Information Technology professionals constantly look for ways to improve their services and products, for which creative and winning ideas are the key factor.

v. Project Management: Working in an Information Technology department, it is typical for professionals to tackle multiple projects at once. Project management skills ensure that you manage workload efficiently and can multitask in a way that helps you meet deadlines and meet requirements.

vi. Resourcefulness: In addition to having resources at your disposal, you must know how to use them as and when required. When time, budget or other elements are out of your control, the right resources can get you out of several tight spots.

vii. Communication: In the workforce, regardless of the field of work, excellent communication skills go a long way in shaping an individual’s career. In the Information Technology industry, work is executed in teams.

These teams also interact with other departments, sometimes directly with clients to ensure a seamless understanding of business requirements and solutions. Communication skills, therefore, are essential to your career.

Course Curriculum for Information Technology

In any Information Technology programme of study, the motive is to train students with sufficient skills and knowledge required to strengthen their fundamentals both practically and theoretically.

The subjects covered in these courses introduce students to understand the software and how it can be used to meet the demands of various aspects of the industry.

Computer networks and architecture, electronic circuits and data structures and algorithms are among the various topics covered in this course for an all-round proficiency in Computer Science and software.

Popular Information Technology Entrance Exams in India VIEW ALL

Joint Entrance Examination (Main) (JEE Main)

Popular Information Technology Colleges in India VIEW ALL –>

Questions related to Information Technology

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Dear student,

Add you haven’t mentioned your state, so I am assuming that you belong from outside delhi region.
Now, of you want to pursue software engineering in DTU, hein obc category, then your CRL rank must be around 13000 and from obc category your rank must be around 5000. Last year the highest cutoff in Dtu for software engineering for other state obc candidates on the basis of their crl ranks was 13420.
So, for securing this much rank your percentile score must be around 98.8 percentile. And your marks should be around 130 to get software engineering in dtu.

–> Courses Similar to Information Technology VIEW ALL–>

For BCA: Candidates must have passed their 12th Board examination in Science stream (Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology) or Commerce stream from a recognized board/university. Again, Computer Science as a Class 12 subject is desirable.


Donovan Larsen

Donovan is a columnist and associate editor at the Dark News. He has written on everything from the politics to diversity issues in the workplace.

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